Historian and scholar Nicholas Vrooman is one of the few people studying Métis culture over the last generation. He was the first State Folklorist of North Dakota, Dakota Field Representative for ArtsMidwest (a regional consortium of state arts agencies), second State Folklorist for Montana, Nevada Arts Council Folklorist for Indian Traditional Arts, Program Manager of Educational Talent Search in Indian Country for the Montana Office of the Commissioner of Higher Education, and visiting professor of Native American Studies at the University of Montana. Vrooman created the Indian Traditional Arts Residency and Master/Apprenticeship Programs for the North Dakota Council on the Arts and the Montana Arts Council. He served as consultant to the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian and the Métis National Council of Canada. He works with tribal peoples throughout the American and Canadian West to produce sound recordings, documentary films, performances, publications, conferences, ceremonies, and festivals highlighting Aboriginal culture. Through the 1980s and 1990s, he was intimately involved in the development of the Northern Plains Indian Art Market. Most recently, he served as Executive Director of the Helena Indian Alliance, continuing his involvement with issues of Northern Plains Indian cultural resiliency.